If the cell in question proved to have the usual complement of prisoners after analysis of the cell occupancy data, one would have to consider the statement as flawed. If, on the other hand, the cell proved to be ‘empty,’ the analysis would be supportive of the witness’ statements and would indicate that the conditions pertaining to the cell in question had been accurately described.


Proceeding on this basis, Dr. Makinen outlined a plan by which

statements of the eyewitnesses, particularly those of Varvora Ivanova

Larina, and Joseph M. Terelya, involving a prisoner held in lengthy

solitary confinement might be tested. This investigation focused on the

time period, 1947 through 1972 – that is, starting with Wallenberg’s

alleged death date in 1947 according to the Gromyko Memorandum and extending through the last eyewitness report. (As noted by Susan

Mesinai, this time period would also correspond to a 25 year for

espionage, dating from 1947 rather than 1945, the time of  Wallenberg’s initial arrest.)


The team selected for photographic duplication registration cards only

of those prisoners who were placed into cells in Korpus 2 during this

period. Cards of prisoners who had been held there for at least one day during the 1947-72 time period were selected as well as those of

prisoners who had a notable absence of cell occupancy information from the point of their arrival until the “first cell” was recorded – implying that they were held in some sort of solitary confinement prior to that.


The team also identified prisoners who were held in nearby cells at the

time of death of Kirill Vladimovitch Osmak, since the witness V. I.

Larina had stated that this prisoner was across the hall at that time.

This also provided potential witnesses who might offer further

information from their knowledge about special or foreign prisoners held in Korpus 2 or in Vladimir Prison in general. The card of Osmak, a Ukrainian nationalist, also born 1912 was found in the kartoteka in






1998. The card established that Osmak died on May 16, 1960 when he was being held in II-49. Finding the card and verifying that Osmak had died while occupying a cell on the 3rd floor of Korpus 2 was of considerable importance because it gave proof of the general accuracy of the information provided earlier by Varvara I. Larina.


The cards were scanned under computer control using the specialized

equipment supplied by ProSoft AG for historically important documents, and images of each registration card were constructed in TIFF format as a resolution of 600 dpi. Images of the front and back siders were made of over 11,000 cards belonging to 8,049 individuals, which represents approximately one-seventh of the cards of all the prisoners who have been incarcerated in Vladimir Prison. Since the estimate of the total number of prisoners includes a sizeable number of prisoners prior to 1947 and others after 1972, numbers which are not known, it is not possible to evaluate what fraction of total prisoners is represented by the database over the 1947-1972 time period.)

(Sse Rolf Bjorsstedt computer generated study for specific information

contained on front and back of cards.)


Subsequently, under the direction of Dr. Viktor Tumarkin, the images of the scanned cards were read by a staff of five individuals fro ProSoft experienced in translation of historical documents into computer file format. This part of the work was carried out under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Justice in Moscow. The data fields created from the registration card for each prisoner were in two parts – in Russian with Cyrillic lettering and in English with Roman lettering. The data contain the minimum information to identify the prisoner and to reconstruct the chronological course of cell occupancy by the prisoner during imprisonment, including periods of time in which the prisoner may have been transferred to interrogation prisons or other similar institutions and returned to Vladimir Prison.



One study has shown that the total number of prisoners on each floor of

Korpus 2 undergoes sharp fluctuations over the January 1949 – December

1951 period and over the February 1957 – July 1957 period, uniformly

affecting each floor. While the fluctuations over the 1949-1951 period

probably correspond in part to the frequent cell and korpus changes

mentioned by repatriated prisoners-of-war, it should be noted that no floor

exhibits a complete absence of identifiable prisoners from January 1949 to

July 1957.


A complete absence of prisoners is observed only in the middle of 1965 for

the 3rd floor of Korpus 2 which precedes an almost complete absence on the

second floor of two days. The precise time limits on the third floor for the

complete absence of identifiable prisoners were found to be 28/05/65 to



The only period of complete absence of identifiable prisoners on the second

floor was found to be from 05/10/65 to 07/10/65. No period of time was

found over which there was ever a complete absence of identifiable prisoners

on the first floor.


We can consequently safely assume that no floor underwent renovations or

changes, excepting these relatively brief periods for the second and third

floors, which were incompatible with occupancy of some cells by prisoners.

This is an important deduction, since one would not expect that Raoul

Wallenberg as a prisoner in Vladimir would have been casually shifted to

different floors and blocks as frequently as other, more ordinary prisoners.





42. Graph of average prisoners per cell (DAILY)


43. Graph of average prisoners per cell (WEEKLY)


44. Graph of average prisoners per cell (MONTHLY0


45. Graph of case numbers in a year:


46. Graph of number of prisoners over time (DAILY) The analyst enters the start date and end date, and a graph of total number of prisoners in each cell for each day is displayed.


47. Graph of number of prisoners over time (WEEKLY)


48. Graph of number of prisoners over time (MONTHLY)


49. Graph of number of prisoners – Floor 1, over time.


50. Graph of number of prisoners – Floor 2, over time.


51. Graph of number of prisoners – Floor 3, over time.


52. Graph of prisoner entries over time (DAILY)


53. Graph of prisoner entries over time (WEEKLY)


54. Graph of prisoner entries over time (MONTHLY)


55. Graph of total cell moves over time.


56. Graph of unoccupied cell percentage.


57. Graph of numbered prisoners versus Date of Entry: The analyst enters the start date and the end date, and a graph of the numbered prisoners is plotted against the dates of first entry into the prison.