Prison or Camp



K. Neumann

Orssk Urals

Tall Swede, fought with the Waffen SS, lost an eye, scar on his mouth, born 1913-1915.[1]



Secret Operation Site in Komi

for interrogating the prisoner Mueller;[2]

 1947 (May/June)

V. Ulbreba

Camp/Pechora Region[3]

Swede, charged as spy for Anglo – Americans; [4]

1947, Fall

I. Miller

Pechora Transit Camp;

Taller than Miller, who is short. Name RW given at later meeting in Amur.

Fall 1947



Met in hospital barracks a man from Sweden, arrested in Budapest, had a special mission. Name was Raoul “Wallberg” or something like that.  Tamvelius also mentions a group of 12 Swedes who were considered a ‘common case.’(See below)


H. Pannwitz


Pannwitz confirms that T, (whom he met after he returned to Inta from Moscow in 1952 and was switched into Building and Construction) told him about a high-ranking Swedish Red Cross official and up to twelve other Swedes.


F.  Klausch


Confirms Pannwitz version of Tamvelius testimony in camp as of one Swede and twelve others. Says Swede was Red Cross official in either Poland or Prague.


D. Kalus


Gives Tamvelius description as “Swedish Red Cross official, President of Student Union, noted for saving many Jews.




Raul Wilborg, Red Cross worker from Prague, in Taishet, very sick in 1953.[5]


H. Schneider

Vorkuta, Shaft 40

Common knowledge that RW was in Vorkuta


M. Melzer

Khalmer-Yu [6]

Medical check up. Name of .patient, RW. Doctor discussed with him the origin of the name ‘Raul.’


T. Von Dufving

Transit Camp, Kirov

Swedish diplomat[7],  held captive because of a big ‘mix up’ or ‘mistake.’


J. Markaczewski

Transit Prison, Kirov

In a cell met a Swede who sat with a group of Russians and Poles. (See Merk)

March 1949

X. Kalianski


Swede 170 cm., dark. Part of the Bernadotte Mission. A lot of valuables on him at the time of this arrest.[8]

October 1949

W. Schneider

Vorkuta Shaft 8

Heard of a “Baron von Wallen…”, had dark hair.

October 1949

H.J. Merk


Met a Swede who said he had joined the Waffen SS.


Dr. Wegener/ Harry Soekorv


In 1950 in Special Camp Asbest came across a Swede or someone calling himself Graf Wallenberg’ a Legation Secretary.


G. Leibnitz


Baron von Vandenberg[9]


M. Manfred


Waldenberg plus two Swedish flyers and one fisherman, Olsen.


Eric Ammer


Met Wallenberg while an aide in the hospital section of camp.  Gave no details as to their interaction, only that  he had been arrested in Hungary, helped Jews. Innocently sentenced for 25 years espionage.


Jansons, Arnolds

Vorkuta No. 8

Diplomat RW,Swede RW[10]

July 4, 1951

David Vendrovsky

Verchne Uralsk


May 1952

Bela Kovacs

Transport to Verchne Uralsk from Moscow

Raoul Wallenberg[11]


E.Arvid Andersen/ von Schwab

Verchne Uralsk

Andersen claimed to have lived in Stockholm, been in Berlin and Budapest, saved Jews through Swedish diplomats.  Those who met Andersen understood he was an ‘imposter.’ Von Schwab concluded that if Andersen “dressed himself in the colors of Raoul Wallenberg’ he must have sat with him. [12]


H. Hjelt/von Schwab

Verchne Uralsk

A Finn with a Swedish wife, fluent in many languages.  When told by von Schwab of the man who turned out to be Andersen, Hjelt was surprised, said there was another Swede, a civil servant named Raoul who had been in the prison for three years.  Raoul was dark, with a bald forehead.  Hjelt admitted meeting him.


Winter von Schwab

Transport Cell, Verchne-Uralsk

“Raoul”, a Swede confirmed he had been with both E. Arvid Andersen and Harald Hjelt. “Depressed, apathetic,Fearful.” Commented that the Austrians were a kind of collateral, and would be going home soon. When von Schwab was taken away, claims prisoner identified himself as ‘Raoul Wallenberg. Sweden. Swedish Red Cross.’”[13]

Sept. 1953

Rafael Jakobson / Winter von Schwab

Magnitogorsk, Medical

Swede.Severe liver disease” Underwent surgery; felt that this was an indication that, [14] since the death of Stalin, the Soviets saw a value in keeping him alive.


Leonid Kostenko

Vorkuta Special Camp

POB  (Jhe) 175


High Polish Official / J. Hitnarowicz

Chelyabinsk (V/U)

Told witness around time of death of Stalin that in captivity he had met a Swedish diplomat.

Nov. 1953

Franz Laufer


Laufer placed as informant in cell of man who later identified himself as RW. Job was to find out information about his assignment in Hungary.  RW said to say it was ‘secret’ but that he had given no details.  Laufer said prisoner had already been in V/U for two years at that time, was between 45-48 years of age (RW was 42), taller than Laufer, in good health but ‘of course depressed.  Laufer said nothing about Wallenberg being a diplomat.  Route to Moscow and time schedule inaccurate. [15]


A. Kalinski

Verchne Uralsk


June 1954

G. Kuprianov / A. Kalinski

Sent from VU to VL.

Claims that RW and Kuprianov were on the same .transport.

July 1954

Zygmunt Kauc


Met a Swede in the barracks who was older than Kauc (born 1924) Said that ‘a wrong had been done to him.” Stated also he was a diplomat and a Swedish citizen.


Jan Kaplan / Kalinski


Through Kaplan’s nephew, ARK established that Kaplan was not in Butyrka Prison at the time of his alleged meeting with Wallenberg but in camp in Khalmer-Yu.[16]


Confidential Source, Canadian Soviet Jewry. Possibly Zlatoustje

Special Isolation Prison, Southern Urals



[1] See Hans Joachim Merk below.


[2] I have included this report because it establishes the existence of special interrogation facilities in the Urals as an alternative to Moscow prisons in cases where the identity of the prisoners had to be kept top secret.  At the time the interrogationsof Mueller were being forwarded to Abakumov (hence to Stalin), Stalin reportedly was getting the stenographic transcripts of Wallenberg’s interrogations which were being kept in his safe.   Mueller, according to Deriabin, was brought to Vladimir in the summer of 1952 for questioning related to the stayback networks of Gehlen. 


[3] Northern Urals.


[4] Handsome, thin, brown eyes actually grey; kept in international barracks, starving as he

did not receive packages.  Suffering from pellagra in hospital.  Left in summer with one

of the last Germans or German-speakers to arrive from Moscow on ETAP, red head

named Victor, shorter than the Swede.  Told they had been killed but she felt intuitively

they had been taken back to Moscow.                                              


[5]I include this report in the Komi section because Bornschein was in Inta with Tamvelius and confirmed that he heard the report from Tamvelius, who had never been in Taishet.  Bornschein confirms that Tamvelius reported in the camp that T knew of the case of one Swede (presumably from Sverdlovsk, but also twelve who constituted a ‘common case.’ 


[6] Between 1937 and the summer of 1949, Melzer worked a large area of camps in the Pechora region which included Krasj-Pogost, Pechora, Siva-Maska, Vorkuta and Abez.  It is therefore possible that the person he either certified as healthy for labor or treated could be the same as reported in a number of the various sightings listed in this section. 


[7] Well-dressed, traveled with a special guard or companion. When von Dufving asked if he had been with the Swedish Embassy in Berlin, he answered, No – in Eastern Europe.  Almost accent free German.  Was reading a newspaper in Russian and reporting, told von Dufving he didn’t really know Russian that well.

[8] Kalianski said that “Raoul W” was already in the hospital of the Inta Camp when he arrived and was probably suffering from hystrophy.  The entire barracks (medical) were then moved to Abez in January.


[9] Baron von Vandenberg, of Polish descent, knew Hungarian, Russian and German.  168 cm. Tall, dark eyes, born in 1910.


[10] Jansons also claimed that Wallenberg was seen in 6th Camp in Norilsk – and on an island in the Artic Ocean.


[11] Both Shandor ARDAY speaking of a leader of the Smallholders Party and an anonymous witness have reported that Bela Kovacs said that he had been brought to Verchne-Uralsk on the same transport as Raoul Wallenberg sometime in 1952. (Kovacs file indicates that he was brought in May 1952 but by general convoy).  Take note of testimony of Hans Georg Mueller, listed on the Moscow Table, who stated that he was in the Lubyanka Hospital section (Butyrka Medical Section) with Wallenberg sometime between February and July 1952.  Possibility that Wallenberg’s transport from Moscow to Verchne-Uralsk was postponed for reasons of health.  Note also the Rafael Jakobson sighting offered by Winter von Schwab which indicates continued health problems, requiring surgery in 1953.  This is however contradicted by Remenyi who says that Wallenberg was brought back from the East in 1952.  This leaves the option that Wallenberg was already in Verchne-Uralsk, brought to Moscow for further questioning, and sent back on the same convoy as Kovacs.  The files of Beckerle and Winter von Schwab as well as all those transported to Vladimir in 1954 indicate the rapidity of movement between Verchne-Uralsk and Moscow.   Note also that Bela Kovacs was brought to Vladimir in June of 1954.  It is possible that both Wallenberg and Kovacs were on the same ‘schedule’ for arrival and transfer from Verchne-Uralsk.  Kovacs was brought to Moscow from Hungary and Kiev only in 1951, but was transferred there.  This raises further questions as to the relation of their two investigations.


[12] Andersen, according to von Schwab, was born in 1920, about 180 cm tall, blond and blue-eyed.  He did not think Andersen was really a Swede.


[13] There are two versions of this story – one which implied that von Schwab was actually in the same cell as the prisoner, with whom he played chess, and the other in his letter to Dr. Frederick von Dardel where he states that he was in a transport cell next to the prisoner and communicated through tapping.  When von Schwab left, the prisoner shouted out ‘I am the Swedish Red Cross diplomat, Wallenberg.” Von Schwab’s prisoner file confirms that he  was in a transport cell on the date specified.  He was about to be sent to Moscow.


[14]  While von Schwab’s file verifies the accuracy of his movements, i.e. transport cell in December 1952 and his return to Verchne-Uralsk in 1953, it does not verify either the presence of or his conversation with Rafael Jakobson.  As von Schwab himself was returning from medical treatments in Moscow, thanks to the Soviet government – he himself had softened toward his captors as having essentially kept him alive and more comfortable, so this may be a projection on his part.  Requires verification.


[15] According to Laufer, the prisoner had been taken to Baden bei Wien for the major part of 1946, then to Sopron and on to Moscow.  Another eyewitness also reported that the prisoner he identified as Wallenberg had been taken first to Baden bei Wien.  In Laufer’s case, it should be noted that he himself went to Baden bei Wien (and may have had little knowledge of Moscow prisons so made the mistake of hazarding a guess).  Alternatively, this is another prisoner, older as described, also working in Hungary who went that route where Laufer applied the name of Wallenberg after the fact.  Please note that Franz Laufer, agent of both Abwehr and Gestapo, was a well regarded ‘spy’, see both Sanitzer and counter-intelligence archives of the United States which would indicate that he  (assuming the same Franz Laufer) was part of an Eastern European network involved in Jewish rescue and other matters related to Israel.   Those who interviewed him in Sweden knew nothing of this history, but it would make sense that the Soviet security officers would place him with Wallenberg as a ‘cell spy’ as he had enough information to know really which questions to ask.  If also would make sense that he would reveal himself to Wallenberg.


[16] Susanne Berger has pointed out that in 1989, V. N. Melnitchuk visited the Swedish Embassy in Belgrade twice to confirm that Kaplan had left information more than once for his daughter in Israel, in confirmation of the original story.