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TABLE FIVE:  SIBERIA AND THE FAR EAST

 

Date

Witness/Source

Prison / Camp

Description

1944-45

A. Tamvelius

Sverdlovsk

Possible site for encounter with twelve Swedes, all same case’ related.

End 1945 - Early 1946

Szetlaky, G.

Tobolsk

Three Sweedes – two more outdoors type, third a journalist.

1947/48

Vasily Zinkin ref Mjr Zisiyakovsky Snr. Lt. Bobrov

Omsukchan camp, Remote area, Kolyma, Settlement of Galimy.

Foreign diplomat believed to have been part of intelligence services, captured at end of war in Budapest; taken to Moscow by plane.  Became clear this was a mistake and not the foreign intelligence officer Soviets sought. As prisoner had already passed through investigation in Lubyanka, it was decided not to release him.  Sentenced to 15 years and given another name: Pattersson (or “Pettersson).  His nationality was indicated as ‘English.’ [1]Sent by special transport, first to Magadan and then to Omsukchan District, Galimy camp.  No one knew the diplomat’s real name or where he came from. [2]

Summer 1947

V. Plater

Noril’sk Camp No. 5

Met a Swede, very well educated, spoke German and English, knew about the English colonial system.  Swedish prisoner had earlier been imprisoned in Moscow.  Witness picked out profile of Wallenberg,  but was not entirely certain.

1947-49

S. Jorgensen / Wilhelm Ott

Camp near Omsk

Jorgensen told Ott that ‘Swedish Secretary of the Legation in Budapest had been brought into a special camp section; tried to communicate but too guarded.

1948/49

 

Baj, Chichocki “aka” Ozerlag

Angara/Bratsk

1950

Kowalski

Angara/Bratsk toward Magadan

RW rode on transit. Got sick; taken off at Khabarovsk.

1949-50

Bezrodnij

Lagpunkt Prisjk-Olga, Magadan Oblast in Kolyma.

 

1949

“German Major”[3] Spuller

Transport to Krasnoyarsk (Could be Krasnogorsk)

Three Swedes who had ‘official affiliation’ with Red Cross or the Legation’, arrested in Eastern Europe. Had been in Lubyanka

1951

K. Johansson, (Polish Refugee)

Bulun 413/Yakutsk Krai camp

Professor of Chemistry & Physics abducted by Soviets in Vienna in 1949, when refused to work for them sent to camp in the Urals. Worked with witness in the uranium and phosphor mines. Johansson married with three children, lived in Stockholm.

1951-53

Mrs. S. Mueller

Bratsk; Taishet

Three Swedes in closed hospital section, one woman, one older man and one young.  Later reports of Swedes in Taishet region.

1952

Yuri Orlov

Khabarobsk

Describes a fellow patient in Khabarosk psychiatric hospital. His name began with the syllable "Wall" and ended with the syllable "Berg" but the doctors called him by some other name. The physical description was descriptive of Raoul Wallenberg: about 40 yrs old, bald, brown eyes, nose was straight, skin of darkish color with considerable baldness, height 170 cm, weight 63 kg, a strong body physique. Psychiatrically he looked not healthy (according to his eyes) and he would stand up with long speeches in some other foreign language as if he were addressing a large auditorium. In that time I never heard him pronounce any phrase in Russian.

1953

V. Olschrov

Siberian Camp-Unspecified

Had met Wallenberg earlier in Moscow prisons, 1947/48.

August 1953

I. Miller

Komsomolsk Na Amur, Central Camp

Reminded by prisoner of earlier meeting in Fall 1947 in Pechora.

Mid-50s

Anonymous

Women’s Camp.

Unknown Swede, male 30-32 (RW was then 38).

1953

S. Petzold

Taishet

‘Raul Wilborg.’ Red Cross official-in Prague.

1953-54

Borchers

Kaierkan/Krasnoyarsk

Met a Swede, light blond hair, 170 cm tall, 40-45 years old.

1954

Roszanowski

Magadan

Met a man whose first name definitely Raoul. Last name started with “W”, thick dark hair, grey eyes.  Teacher of English, well educated. Released and living in exile, registered as a Polish Jew. Known as ‘the millionaire’. Had a lot of money on him when arrested.

Feb-March 1955

H. G. Waschkau

Tuhurubai-Nura Karaganda 419/4-1

Met a Swede whose father was in ‘greater industry.Was arrested in Berlin; taken to a villa.

Summer 1955

Bjorkelund

Poime near Irkutsk

Detained at railway station where elderly German told him that there was a sick patient in the camp by the name of Wallenberg who had been with the Red Cross in Budapest in 1945, arrested on charges of spying for Americans and given a sentence of ten years. B, a Finn, was told after inquiring about the man’s health “one of the two was sent to the morgue a few days ago.”  [4]

Before 1958

Rudzitis

Noril’sk

Met RW. Said he spoke German and fluent Latvian.

1962

E. Moshinsky

Wrangels Island (Dwelling Zone)

Italian POWS and RW, ‘sent by special train to Moscow,’ then 27. describes Wrangels Island as an experimental camp through injections, diets, oxygen tests.[5]

1966-67

A. Konstantinov

Zavidovo Camp. Irkutsk Region

Roni Boni; making art posters.

January 1970

ETAP near

Figure said to be RW asked him Novosibersk wash his back in showers at transit point

 

1972-74

V. Bulankina

Yagodnoye (village)

Cultured Swede held in Magadan region in village came to her for medical slips to release him from labor, although in good health.  Felt he wanted also to talk.  Had been there since the end of the War, popular among the young people.  Introduced them to books and music.  Liked to hunt and had permission to do the same. In appearance and bearing very much of an official.  When shown photograph of RW, Bulankina said immediately that this was ‘not’ the man – but he must be somebody’s Swede.”  

1975

V.Tyelashov

Psychiatric Facility, Village Povolicho Barnaul Region

Swede who had been ‘there’ since the War. Played chess. [6]

1975-76

Testimony is from a Soviet source said to be a warden in Butyrka.

was transferred from Butyrka to Irkutsk

A group of prisoners, including one they only called "The Scandinavian", was transferred from Butyrka to Irkutsk. The "Scandinavian" was supposedly in poor health suffering from "Parkinson disease" like symptoms. Statement made in 1979.

1978

Bulgarian scientist / Tandberg

Wrangel’s Island, Irkutsk

Scientist involved in East West exchanges learned of a non-cyrillic Eastern European (Balt, Polish, Hungarian) who had recently been moved from Wrangel’s Island to the special section of a Mental Hospital in Irkutsk.  Section had 100-200 prisoners all of whom had officially been declared dead. Prisoners were used for scientific experiments on their resistance to pressure under an older German doctor.  Prisoners known only by a number which changed periodically so the only real way to identify the prisoner was by matching fingerprints.  Scientist volunteered that if fingerprints of RW could be provided, would attempt to establish if he was among this ‘host.’

1978

“Reliable Source in Moscow” / K. Lubarsky

Blaghoveshensk / Special Psychiatric

Swedish prisoner in very bad physical state, in confinement for a very long period of time. Lubarsky estimated, if Wallenberg would no longer be in Blaghoveshensk as a large group of political prisoners had been transferred to the hospital on November 22, 1980.  Believed they would not put Wallenberg with dissidents.[7]

1978

Victor Davidov / Kenne Fant

Blaghoveshensk Special Psychiatric

Davidov was a patient in the hospital and said that there was also a Swedish prisoner.

1986

Unknown Source / Kenne Fant

Blaghoveshensk Special Psychiatric

Swede suffering from frostbite.

 



[1] The designation “British” on a file usually refers to his intelligence affiliation, not his nationality or citizenship.  See Aladzhadzhan-Aladjani, Clement, Schandl, etc. 

 

[2] It is very important to consider the Russians own admission over the past decade that, in the case of Wallenberg, they had been looking for an intelligence officer and got the ‘wrong man’ and that this was their ‘tragic mistake.’  Unless this is some new form of ‘rhetoric’ for making it easier for the next of kin, with the exception of the statement that the diplomat was picked up ‘at the end of the war” (implying May) and “flown to Moscow”, this should be considered a particularly interesting sighting.  Also, Remenyi’s statement that RW was (presumably sentenced early and) “sent to a place in the East” should be considered along with Yakovlev’s  regarding the prisoner’s knowledge of the investigation process making it difficult to release him.   One must determine whether Zinkin’s statement comes before or after the Russians’ own statement in the press.  Even then the witness could know nothing of the testimony of Remenyi.  

 

[3] Spuller states that he met in Kayerkan (Krasnoyarsk Krai) a German Major from Breslau named Herman, possibly von Ritgen, who in 1949 had met three Swedes going to Krasnoyarsk.

 

[4] The German claimed to have been two beds away from the man he believed to be RW – would seem to be  saying that either he or the man in the neighboring bed had just died. Harvey Rosenfeld in his book Raoul Wallenberg cites Guy von Dardel’s interpretation of this sighting as being one of a series that would establish that RW was dead – the others being Tolstoy-Kutuzow regarding Wallenberg’s death in Budapest, von Wetschl indicating that Wallenberg died in 1950 and Temvelius also reporting death in 1955.

 

[5] Note that Moshinsky was a former KGB officer who claims to have also arrested Wallenberg.

[6] Does ‘there’ mean in the psychiatric facility or in the region which is neighboring to Krasnoyarsk Krai?

[7] See Rosenfeld, Raoul Wallenberg, page 183.