Eyewitness reports of nameless Swedes in the Gulag – by description

(May overlap with those acknowledged in RossArchiv or those named by other witnesses)

 

Information Source

Number of Swedes

Details

Testimony of AMERICAN Interrogator in a CIC intelligence report

(Group)

Urals – 1948.  A number of Swedes in a Russian prison camp reported by returning German prisoners of war.

Testimony of ANTIQUE DEALER

(1)

Verchne Uralsk (1953).  Report in 1979 of an unidentified Swede held for thirty years.

Testimony of BABKO

(Group)

Describes man named “Raoulsson” whom he met more than once, given one pseudonymn and then another in transit. Cites group of Baltic leaders and diplomats as well as of Swedish diplomats and Red Cross in camp outside of Perm. “Some were given numbers, some were given names.”

Testimony of BAYER

(3)

Men in dark suits, had steamer trunks, Described as diplomats, not necessarily Swedish. En route Lefortovo in 1948, had been previously held at Tschask.

Testimony of ARNOLD BOHM

(1)

1958-1959  three Swedes in Potma; group of Swedes came through Mordovia to camp 385/5. (no specific time given)

Testimony of BULANKINA

(1)

East/Magadan Region. Swedish spy who had been held in Kolyma Region since 1944-45, living in exile in village where she worked as a therapist in 1972-76.  Also a woman had lived there, described as an “Austrian spy.”

Testimony of CUMISH

(1)

Vladimir – Told Voss just before he was leaving prison about Swedish prisoner with whom he had sat.

Testimony of DAVIDOV

(1)

Blaghoveshensk Special Psychiatric Hospital – Swedish prisoner there in 1978

Testimony of DE JAGER and REYDON

(1)

Vladimir – Two Dutch prisoners report a special prisoner across the hall from their cell (II-35) in 1962.  Prisoner considered Swedish because one of the Dutch had a close friend from Sweden and knew some Swedish.  May also have received some Finnish periodicals as well as ‘book binding’ materials.

Testimony of DE LATRY

(1)

Butyrka Prison Moscow-February 1952, In response to complaint to authorities about rough interrogation, was told in return not to bother as his situation was not so severe. Informed him that they had Swedish ‘Ambassador’ in Butyrka whose situation was much worse than his own.

Testimony of DEMESCO

(1)

Moscow- Swede in Lubyanka in 1946. Under the 4th Main Directorate – declared Dead in 1949, sent East under a pseudonym.

Testimony of DEUTSCHBEIN,K

(1)

Camp 27.  In addition to the Greek Consul Akleron, met a Swedish diplomat who was sentenced and out in 1945.  (May refer to af Sandeberg).

Testimony of DIETRICH

(1)

Met a Swedish diplomat in Krasnogorsk in quarantine.  Sometime after 1945.

Testimony of DREWING a/k/a COSBSE or COTSE

(1)

Moscow-End of August 1946 spent two days with a Swedish diplomat in Butyrka.

Testimony of FANT

(1)

Blaghoveshensk Special Psychiatric Hospital – Swede there in 1986 suffering .from frostbite.

Testimony of GERGELY

(3)

 

Testimony of GSCHWILM

(1)

Very sick patient in Borowitshi, Special care from Jewish doctor, Believed to be Swedish (1947-48)

Testimony of HITNAROWICZ

(1)

Verchne-Uralsk region in 1953, around the time of the death of Stalin, Swedish diplomat in Chelyabinsk.

Testimony of HUNOLDT

(2)

Vladimir

Testimony of “MR. IVANOV”

(1)

Director of prison camp in Mordovia bragged in 1972 that one of his important foreign charges included a Swede who had been in Soviet captivity more than twenty (20) years.

Testimony of JANSONS

(1)

Swede in Vorkuta No. 8 (1951-52).  Norilsk in Sixties

Testimony of KALIANSKI

(1)

Inta-Abez.  DATE?

Testimony of KANTORSKI

(1)

 

Testimony of KAUC

(1)

Vorkuta, July 1954.  Swede – both a diplomat and Swedish citizen who alluded to ‘a wrong done to him.’  (see Von Dufving)

Testimony of KOSCH

(3)

Met three Swedes in Quarantine at Camp 27, Krasnogorsk – 1949 en route Vladimir.

Testimony of KOSTENKO

(1)

Swede in Vorkuta Special Camp 175 (1952-53)

Testimony of KOVACS

(1)

In Stalingrad between November 1950 and May 1951, one Swede 34 – 37 years old, 185 cm. tall.

Testimony of KRUMINSH

(1)

Vladimir

Testimony of F. LAUFER

(1)

Verchne-Uralsk.  October/November 1953.

Testimony of LEIBNITZ

(1)

 

Testimony of LEINER

(1)

Karaganda – testimony originates from young Russian engineer who reported that a Swedish diplomat came  there in late 1949-early 1950.  “Brought from Hungary.”

Testimony of “LITHUANIAN PARTISAN”

(2)

Vladimir (1952).  Two Swedes being held in corpus or barracks other than Corpus II.

Testimony of LUBARSKY

(1)

Swedish prisoner in Blaghoveshensk, 1978 in ‘very bad physical shape.” (May be a repeat of the DAVIDOV testimony)

Testimony of MANFRED

(4)

 

Testimony of MERK

(1)

Kirov.  October 1949, met a Swede who joined the Waffen SS.

Testimony of General MOSER

(1)

Moscow.  In Lubyanka prison (1947-48) there was a Bulgarian diplomat, a Swede and a British intelligence agent.

Testimony of H. G. MUELLER

(1)

 

Testimony of S. MUELLER

(3)

Bratsk (1951-53 and 1954)

Testimony of MYRMANN

(3)

 

Testimony of NEUMANN

(1)

Orsk, 1945.  Swede who had been in the Waffen SS.

Testimony of NIKITIN

(1)

 

Testimony of RIVO

(1)

Moscow – Butyrka, (1947-51) Told another prisoner he had shared a cell [304?] with a Swedish diplomat.

Testimony of ROSZANOWSKI

(1)

Magadan Region (1954) in exile.  First name Raoul, last name started with a “W” – thick dark hair, grey eyes, teacher of English, well educated. “Polish Jew” known as the “Millionaire” Had a lot of money on him at the time of his arrest.

Testimony of SCHMIEDER, VON MULTIUS

(1)

Moscow – Lefortovo 1951. Sat with a Russian who immediately before had sat with a Swede so sick he was sent to the sick cell.

Testimony from M. SIMONETTI

(1)

Camp 149/13 (1947):A Swedish officer and two Swedish civilians; had previously been interned by the Germans and then had been captured by the Russians.

Testimony of “SPÄTHEIMKEHRER”

(1)

RumaniaDanube Black Sea Canal Region (April 1952). Rumanian efugee, former border guard, met laborer who claimed to be Swedish who said he had worked at the Swedish Embassy in Budapest, helping Jews escape.  When the Russians began looting the Embassy, he went to Soviet Headquarters to complain, imprisoned by the Russians and sent to prison in Ardeal, then to Canal.  40/44 years old – long pale face, 180 cm in height, hair dark and going grey, balding, eyes dark, scar on side of jaw.  Had been in Israel before the War and in Bulgaria during the Occupation.

Testimony of SPERLICH

(1)

Speaks of [being with] a Swede, a Japanese and a Russian in Vladimir.

Testimony of SPULLER

(3)

With three Swedes in 1949 going to Krasnoyarsk (may possibly mean Krasnogorsk – Camp 27)

Testimony of TAMVELIUS

(13)

Red Cross official and group of twelve.

Testimony of TIEDE

Group

WHERE.  1946-48. Several Swedes and Danes in a “collection cell,” also RW

Testimony of A. THOMSEN

(2)

Swedish diplomats – One male, Swedish Consul in Rudnik, whom he met in August 1950 – Vorkuta. One female, said she worked at the Swedish Consulate in Moscow, January 1949 Vorkuta

Testimony of TRUNOVA

(1)

Swedish prisoner in psychiatric facility in Barnaul Region – 1975.

Testimony of VON DUFVING

(1)

Kirov Depot – February 1949, Swede who described his presence in the Gulag as a ‘grave mistake.’

Testimony of VON MAASBURG

(1)

 

Testimony of VOSS

(1)

Vladimir

Testimony of WASCHKAU

(1)

Karaganda – Met a Swede whose father had been in ‘greater industry.’ Arrested in Berlin and taken to a villa.

Testimony of M. WEISS

(1)

Moscow – Swedish diplomat in Butyrka, 1945.

Testimony of ZIELINSKI

(1)

Voronezh Region.  A Swede who had been arrested in Rumania or Eastern Europe, who had helped Jews.  About 30 years old, 180 cm. tall.  Well-educated, spoke broken German.

82 plus

(3)

groups of Swedes